What are the 3 types of heat pumps?

What are the 3 types of heat pumps?

Heat pumps have become so popular since the passing of the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) that many folks don’t realize they’ve been around for decades, providing efficient and cost-effective heating and cooling solutions for homes and businesses. But not all heat pump systems are created equal, and understanding the different types will help you choose the right one for your needs. Let’s dive into the different types of heat pumps so you can make the right choice for your home or business.

A woman pressing the dial of a Gradient heat pump

First, what is a heat pump system?

Quick rundown: Simply put, a heat pump is a device that transfers heat from one place to another. It can be used to heat or cool a building, making it an incredibly versatile system. Heat pumps work by using a small amount of electricity to move heat from the air or ground or water outside your home to the inside, and vice versa. This means that a heat pump can provide both heating and cooling, making it a great choice for homes in all climates. So, if you're looking for an energy-efficient and cost-effective way to keep your home comfortable all year round, then a heat pump system might just be the perfect solution for you.

1) Air-Source Heat Pumps

Air-source heat pumps are the most common type of heat pump, and they're often the first type that comes to mind when people think of heat pumps. Air source heat pumps extract heat from the outside air to provide heating inside a building. In cooling mode, they work in reverse, absorbing heat from inside a building and releasing it outside. 

What is the best air-source heat pump?

Air-source heat pumps are a popular choice for many homeowners. And you have lots of great options if you go this route. We’re fans of all heat pumps, but if you need one you can install yourself quickly, check out the Gradient. It’s a DIY air to water heat pump that falls into this category and plugs right into a standard 120V outlet.  

A man and a woman having coffee next to a Gradient heat pump

2) Ground-Source Heat Pumps

Ground-source heat pumps, also known as geothermal heat pumps or earth coupled heat pumps, are a type of heat pump that extracts heat from the ground. These heat pumps use a network of underground pipes filled with water to transfer heat from the ground to your home. Ground-source heat pumps are more expensive to install (up to $48,000 for a large home, according to bobvila.com) – and they require more space than air-source heat pumps – but they can be more efficient.

3) Water-Source Heat Pumps

Water-source heat pumps are similar to ground-source heat pumps in that they extract heat from a body of water, like a lake or river. These heat pumps use a network of pipes to transfer heat from the water to your home, providing efficient heating and cooling year-round.

How much does water-source heat pump installation cost?

Water-source heat pumps are often used in commercial settings, since they require access to a large body of water. According to Homeserve.com, installing one can cost around $9,500.

What is the best heat pump system on the market?

Each type of heat pump has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it's important to consider your specific needs and budget when choosing the right heat pump heating and cooling system for your home or business. Whether you choose an air-source heat pump, a ground-source heat pump, or a water-source heat pump, know that you're making a smart investment in your home and in our planet.

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